Poker. It's been around for quite a long time. There's a good chance that even if you don't know the game specifically, you know of it well enough to generally know what constitutes a good hand. That'll give you a leg-up in Antematter, a new poker-based board game that's up on Kickstarter now.
From the campaign:
The campaign is more than 2x funded with 27 days left to go.